If They Weren’t Afraid, Here’s What Employees Would Tell the Boss

“What would you like to tell your boss but are afraid to share?”

A simple question can turn silence into insights. There are a lot of things that employees are thinking, but wouldn’t ever dare to tell their bosses.

As a cultural transformation consultant, I spend a lot of time talking to — and observing — teams behind the scenes. Every time they bring up a concern, my immediate reaction is, “Have you shared this with your boss?”

Of course, people give me a strange look, laugh at me or simply ignore the question.

Chances are, they don’t feel the culture is safe; people are afraid of getting fired, or consider their boss to be intimidating. Whatever the reason, how can leaders fix a problem if they don’t even know it exists?

We’ve uncovered many recurring themes by talking to thousands of team members. Here are the top seven things people would love to tell their bosses.

1. “We are afraid to speak up”

Unfortunately, fear is a pervasive emotion in most organizations. Not speaking up is how people adapt to survive potential attacks — they prefer being ignored to being criticized. Most leaders don’t pay attention to silence. They assume things are fine.

Most organizations have a silence problem — the truth is forced underground. A study by Milliken & Morrison shows that 85% of employees feel unable to raise a concern with their bosses. Management has to rely on rumors, gossip or insincerity.

Fear paralyzes us but also filters our behavior — we choose the safe path, not the right one. Psychological safety — the shared belief that a team is safe for interpersonal risk-taking — is essential to drive collaboration, decision-making, and innovation.

Sounds easy and obvious, right? However, leaders tend to ignore symptoms, no matter how evident. They don’t pay attention to the silence, neither listen to the powerful voices of quiet people. Even when we share our findings from both surveys and interviewing people, some leaders don’t want to admit their teams are afraid.

“This is not what I observe” — The initial response is skepticism, followed by denial. This reaction is a bit annoying, especially because I see this happening very often.

Organizations can’t build a fearless culture — where people feel safe, and silence is no longer needed — if they don’t first recognize they have a fear problem.

2. “Don’t take feedback personally”

Three key things block feedback according to Douglas Stone and Sheila Heen, authors of Thanks for the Feedbacktruth, relationship, and identity triggers. When we feel attacked, we shut down.

Identity triggers are all about us — we take feedback personally. We confuse the part (the feedback) with the whole (our identity). That’s because we associate our self-identity and reputation with the organization’s performance — if something is not working, we are to be blamed.

In this MIT Sloan piece, Adam Grant explains how the first barrier to change is resistance to new data. The “That’s not what my experience has shown” reaction makes executives immune to feedback. That a problem wasn’t detected before doesn’t mean it didn’t exist. Or it can be a new, emerging issue.

Rejecting “bad news” harms your organization more than your self-image. You are not the company. It’s okay to feel pride and joy about your organization. But, don’t let your love and passion ignore areas of improvement.

3. “Who makes the call?”

Decision-making is a recurring tension among organizations. People say they are not more proactive because they lack power. However, lack of clarity seems to be a bigger issue. Most people get stuck because they are unclear how decisions are made in their organizations — this could be an excuse or simply miscommunication.

Try this. Ask your team members to describe how they make decisions. Let each person write down their own version. Then, ask each person to share their notes with the rest. Surprised?

I usually facilitate this exercise when I start coaching a new team. Most of the time, there are a variety of approaches. How can a team align on a resolution if its members are not first aligned on how to come up with a decision?

In a management survey, 98% of workers stated that an effective decision-making process should include input from everyone impacted by the decision. Yet, 40% of interviewees said that leaders continuously fail to ask for theirs.

Involving people is key but having a clear process is even more important. Many organizations default to “consensus” in the absence of a clear decision-making approach. Maybe it’s a natural aversion to conflict and criticism.

A clear decision-making approach increases participation and also removes the excuses. (“I don’t have the authority to decide that,” or “I prefer to wait because I don’t know how we make decisions here.”)

Clarity doesn’t mean defaulting to one single method. The nature and complexity of the different types of decisions require different approaches — autocratic, full delegation, democratic, consent, consultative, etc.

4. “We have emotions — pay attention”

Recently, I’ve been receiving a lot of calls from executives that want their organizations “to become more human.” While this is right up my alley, I’m skeptical at first. Many want to create a “purpose-driven” workplace without addressing their emotional culture.

Emotions, both positive and negative, are a fundamental part of who we are. Research shows that organizations that encourage people to be open about their emotions are more collaborative, productive, creative and tend to make fewer mistakes — particularly in high-pressure situations.

Organizations that tackle employees’ moods and feelings outperform those that ignore emotions or force people to suppress negative ones.

Herb Kelleher, the co-founder of Southwest Airlines, taught us that we don’t have to check your heart or your sense of humor at the office door. In his own words, “You don’t hire for skills, you hire for attitude. You can always teach skills.”

Make space for addressing emotions. Authenticity eats faked positivity for breakfast. As Sigal Barsade wrote, “Every organization has an emotional culture, even if it’s one of suppression.” Inhibiting feelings leads to a toxic process in our brain. Negative emotions are powerful signals — instead of silencing them, pay attention.

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5. “We want to be challenged by our work”

Employees don’t just leave bad bosses or toxic cultures — they quit jobs that don’t challenge them.

Research by Gallup shows that 79% of employees believe their bosses don’t motivate their team to unleash their true potential.

An engagement survey by Facebook confirmed the same perspective. While the social media platform’s bet was on managers, the results told a different story. Employees leave Facebook because their job wasn’t enjoyable — they weren’t growing professionally or felt their strengths weren’t used.

If you want to keep your best talent, pay more attention to how you design their work. Most companies force people into jobs that are pre-designed rather than adjusting roles to people’s talents. As Facebook’s research uncovered, the best managers do the opposite: “When they find talented people, they’re open to creating jobs around them.”

People thrive when they are challenged to give their best; people want to work on something meaningful. And everyone finds meaning in different ways.

6. “Stop wasting our time”

We have an addiction to meetings — and reports. There’s nothing wrong with either. Like most things, how we do them matters more than what we do. Meetings can be a time-waster or an effective way to move projects forward.

However, many organizations suffer from mandatory meetings — most people feel compelled to attend even if they don’t add any value to the meeting (and the other way around).

Useless activities drain teams — they suck both time and passion. Having a clear purpose is key. Most people go to meetings without clear expectations of roles and outcomes. The same happens with analyses or tasks that are part of the culture — no one dares to challenge them.

The organizational uniqueness bias, as Adam Grant calls it, makes people work on autopilot. Some things must be done without questioning and others “will never work here.” That’s how leaders shut down improvement. They keep their teams busy with useless reports, inefficient meetings, or meaningless jobs.

Invite your team to the conversation. Get feedback on what’s working and what is a time waster. Identify essential tasks. Let people opt out of meetings — no one is better than oneself to know where to focus energy. Allow people to self-select teams and projects. Ask for input — prioritize meaningful tasks or meetings and get rid of those that don’t add any value. Check out this exercise.

7. “Your stars are crashing”

Managers tend to see what they want to see. They reward functional performance but ignore leadership skills. That’s why most people that are promoted end being terrible bosses.

The halo effect occurs when managers have a hugely positive view of a particular employee. They see them as more extraordinary than they actually are — they fail to recognize or acknowledge areas needing improvement.

There’s nothing wrong with rewarding people, but the leadership aspect must be addressed simultaneously. A star employee can quickly turn into a toxic manager crashing the entire team.

Basic management training and coaching can go a long way. Google was able to improve performance for 75% of its worst managers by helping them learn how to define a team purpose, take care of their people and stay results-oriented, among other things.

Ongoing feedback and open conversations help uncover team tensions. Don’t let the halo effect distort your perspective. Star employees can crash a team regardless of how bright they are if they don’t learn basic management skills. Don’t overestimate top-performers and underestimate the rest.

Large organizational transformations are a hot topic — leaders are looking for a silver bullet to become more innovative, agile and adaptive. But, we forget that the most effective transformations happen from the inside-out. We must help our teams become the best version of themselves.

In my experience, small changes can create a big impact. Start by listening to what your team is trying to tell you, but are afraid to say. Most of the problems start and end with trust.

Gustavo Razzetti is the CEO of Liberationist, a change leadership consultancy that helps organizations become more innovative.  His human-centered approach liberates the 'change gene' within every team.

Razzetti has over 20 years of experience transforming human behavior at the intersection of Neuroscience, Design Thinking, Mindfulness, and Creativity.

Gustavo is the author of "Stretch for Change," "Stretch Your Mind," and "Stretch Your Team.” He is also a regular speaker and has facilitated hundreds of change workshops in the US, Europe, and Latin America.

In his capacity advising CEOs and teams of everything from start-ups to Fortune 500 companies, Razzetti has consulted companies in almost every business category including Verizon, P&G, 20th Century Fox, Coca-Cola, General Motors, Allstate, Walgreens and McDonald’s, among others. He was previously EVP at Leo Burnett Chicago. Prior to that, he worked as CEO of Euro RSCG in New York, Argentina, and Puerto Rico. 

Gustavo has authored hundreds of articles on innovation, change leadership and personal transformation. He has participated in the—by invitation only—Innovation Leadership Program at Stanford University. 

Now living in Chicago, Razzetti is married with two sons.

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