Immigration Service Hits Employers With New Round of I-9 Audits

By Jessica T. Cook

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) continues to make good on its promise to audit employer’s I-9 forms to ensure compliance with federal immigration laws.

ICE served another round of I-9 Notices of Inspection (NOIs) to 1,000 businesses nationwide. Employers receiving a Notice of Inspection will be given three days to prepare for a meeting with federal officials in which the company’s I-9 forms will be reviewed. In addition to properly completed I-9 forms for all current and recently terminated employees, employers may be asked to turn over payroll documentation and other employee documentation.

Latest audits will “touch on employers of all sizes”

According to ICE, this round of NOIs “will touch on employers of all sizes and in every state in the nation, with an emphasis on businesses related to critical infrastructure and key resources.”

These businesses include those associated with agriculture and food, financial services, commercial nuclear reactors, drinking water and water treatment, postal and shipping, healthcare, and transportation. Additionally, employers may be targeted for an audit based on specific leads and information regarding allegations of hiring unauthorized workers, exploiting workers, and paying unfair wages.

This round of NOIs continues ICE’s trend to investigate employer’s compliance with federal immigration law through I-9 audits. The last round of NOIs was issued in February to 1,000 businesses. Immigration and Customs has reported issuing over 2,300 Notices of Inspection to businesses this year. This is an increase from the reported 2,196 audits issued in fiscal year 2010 and the 1,444 audits in fiscal year 2009.

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Higher fines for knowingly employing illegal workers

It is clear from recent events that Immigration and Customs will continue auditing employer’s I-9 forms. Auditing your company’s I-9 forms before another round of NOIs are issued is the best way to minimize your company’s risk for administrative fines ranging from $110 to $1100 per violation.

Employers face higher fines for the knowing employment of unauthorized workers. In order to prepare for an audit, employers should conduct in-house I-9 audits, retain outside counsel to review their I-9 forms and assess their company’s exposure for administrative fines, and correct any errors on I-9 forms.

This was originally published on Fisher & Phillips Cross Border Employer Law blog.

Jessica Cook is an associate in the Atlanta office of the law firm Fisher & Phillips, and a member of the firm's Global Immigration Practice Group. Her practice is focused on immigration and nationality law, including visa work, handling both temporary and permanent visa cases, as well as advice regarding I-9 compliance, discrimination, and document abuse provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Contact her at